What is Thyroid ?

  • Introduction
  • Causes & Symptoms 
  • Diagnosis 
  • Treatment & Prevention 

The thyroid is a type of gland that is exactly in front of the throat. This gland controls your body's metabolism. That is, the food that we eat, it works to convert it into energy. Apart from this, it also affects your heart, muscles, bones and cholesterol. Thyroid is also known as silent killer. Because its symptoms do not appear together. Symptoms of thyroid dysfunction in men depend on the type of problem, it may be due to any underlying cause, overall health, lifestyle changes and ongoing treatment with medications.

What is Thyroid ?

Thyroid problems are also caused by the pituitary gland. Disproportionality in menopause also causes thyroid. Patients with thyroid should undergo a thyroid function test.

Thyroid in children 

Often, parents are responsible for the thyroid problem in children. If the mother has a thyroid problem during pregnancy, the child may also have a thyroid problem. Apart from this, the mother's diet also affects the child's thyroid function. If there is a lack of iodized foods in the mother's diet chart during pregnancy, then it affects the baby. By the way, the symptoms of thyroid problem are common in adults, adolescents and children. But if children have a thyroid problem, then their physical and mental development is affected. If the child has a thyroid problem, contact the child's doctor.

Due to thyroid 

Migraines can occur for many reasons. These reasons are prominent among them.

  • Thyroiditis - This is just an enlarged thyroid gland (goitre), which has reduced thyroid hormone-making ability. 
  • Soya Products - Isoflavone intensive soy protein, capsules, and powdered soy products are also highly used in thyroid Can be caused by medicines. Many times the adverse effects of medicines (side effects) are also caused by the thyroid. 
  • Hypothalamic disease - Thyroid problems are also caused by the pituitary gland because it is not a sign of the thyroid gland to produce hormones. 
  • Lack of iodine - Iodine deficiency or excessive use of food also increases the problem of thyroid. 
  • Radiation therapy- due to radiation therapy of head, neck and chest or tonsils, lymph nodes, Problems of the thymus gland or due to radiation treatment for acne. 
  • Tension- When the level of stress increases, it most affects our thyroid gland. This gland increases the secretion of hormones. 
  • Family history - If someone in your family has a thyroid problem then you are more likely to get thyroid. This is the most important cause of thyroid. 
  • Graves 'disease- Graves' disease is the biggest cause of thyroid. In this, the secretion of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland is greatly increased. Graves 'disease mostly affects women between the ages of 20 and 40, because Graves' disease is a hereditary disorder related to genetic factors, so thyroid disease can affect many people in the same family. Pregnancy, Including the postpartum period. Pregnancy is a time in a woman's life when her entire body undergoes massive changes, and she remains stressed. 
  • Menopause- Menopause is also the cause of thyroid because many types of hormonal changes occur in a woman during the time of menopause. Which sometimes causes thyroid.

Symptoms of thyroid are :-

Learn thyroid symptoms:

Because of thyroid, the immunity of the body decreases, so many other problems start in the body due to this. Common symptoms of thyroid include early fatigue, sluggish body, loss of energy after doing little work, feeling depressed, feeling depressed, memory loss and muscle and joint pain. By considering all these problems as common, most people continue to ignore, which can prove to be dangerous later and can be fatal at times.

Know what is thyroid gland:

Thyroid is not a disease but a gland due to which this disease occurs. But in common language, people call this problem also thyroid. Actually, the thyroid is an endocrine gland found in the lower part of the neck. This gland is just below the Adamus apple. The thyroid gland is controlled by the pituitary gland while the hypothalamus controls the pituitary gland. The work of the thyroid gland is to make thyroxine hormone and reach the blood so that the metabolism of the body is controlled. This gland produces two types of hormones. One T3 called triiodothyronine  and the other T4 called thyroxine. When both these hormones released from thyroid are unbalanced, there is a problem of thyroid.

Diagnosis of Thyroid 


The hypothalamus, pituitary glands, and thyroid from the thyroid gland all contribute to the formation of thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Thyroid-stimulating hormones release T-3 and T-4 from the thyroid. Thyroxine or T4 is the main hormone released from thyroid. Through physiology, these hormones are tested in the lab by which thyroid is detected. Therefore, in case of thyroid problem, the patient should undergo physiology.


Thorough screening of a thyroid patient through screening is not possible, but in many cases screening is also beneficial for a thyroid patient. Thyroid is detected by screening screening of thyroid-born patients and infants. Screening of thyroid is possible with screening in diabetic patients (type-1 and type-2). A woman suffering from type-1 diabetes and three months after having a child can be screened for thyroid. 

Thyroid Function Tests (TFT):

A thyroid function test is performed for a patient with thyroid. This test determines whether the patient is hypothyroid or hyperthyroid. For this, hormones that provoke thyroid are tested. TSH serum is more fatal in 80–90 percent of patients. TSH levels increase in patients with hypothyroidism, and TSH levels decrease in patients with hyperthyroidism. TFT examination reveals the sensitivity of TSH serum to which thyroid patients can be treated prematurely.

By monitoring:

The thyroid can be examined to some extent by observing the behavior of the thyroid patient. Thyroid can be detected after delivery by looking at the health of the woman. This can be checked by normal health problem fever or colds, etc., by looking at the daily activities of people with type-1 diabetes, having difficulty moving the neck or having to look around. 

Thyroid Treatment are:-

Radioactive Iodine Treatment:

The thyroid patient is given a radioactive iodine medicine tablet or liquid. By this treatment, the more active gland of thyroid is cut and separated. The iodine given in it is different from the iodine scan. Radioactive iodine is given continuously after iodine scan checkup and iodine confirms the detection of hyperthyroidism. Radioactive iodine eliminates thyroid cells. The body does not have any side-effects from this therapy. This therapy eliminates thyroid problems in 8–12 months. 


The thyroid gland is partially removed by surgery, which is a very common method. Surgery in thyroid patients removes thyroid tissue from the body that produces a large amount of thyroid hormones. But surgery also affects the surrounding tissue. In addition, mouth veins and four others. The glands (also called parathyroid glands) are also affected which regulate calcium levels in the body. Thyroid surgery should be done for those patients who have difficulty swallowing food and have difficulty in breathing. Surgery is useful for pregnant women and children who cannot tolerate thyroid medicines.

Antithyroid tablets:

Thyroid has common problems like fever, sore throat. These minor problems can be caused by thyroid, so it should be examined before taking medicines. Thyroid patient should take antithyroid tablets after consulting a doctor. Antithyroid pills can be harmful for you without doctor's advice.

How to control Thyroid -

It is not easy to avoid all thyroid problems, but it can be controlled through catering. The thyroid gland can be maintained with the proper iodine diet. Sea food and iodized salt etc. should be consumed. Also, avoid eating too much food which is prone to goitre. Stay away from cabbage, cauliflower and turnip etc. as there is a possibility of making goitre. Hyperthyroidism, or thyroid cancer cannot be prevented, but contact a doctor as soon as you see any symptoms.

Home remedies for thyroid reduction are :-

  • Fried foods - The doctor gives the hormone-producing drug when the thyroid is. However, the effect of this medicine is reduced by eating fried food.
  • Sugar - Avoid eating too much sugar when you have thyroid. If possible, avoid all the dishes that contain sugar.
  • Coffee - Drinking too much coffee can also cause thyroid problems. Epinephrine and norepinephrine present in coffee promote thyroid.
  • Avoid Cabbage - If you are taking thyroid treatment, avoid eating cabbage and broccoli.
  • Gluten - Gluten contains proteins that weaken the immune system. Therefore, avoid it when you have thyroid.
  • Soy - Well, one should not eat soy during the treatment of hypothyroidism. However, it is said that you can eat it after 4 hours of taking thyroid medicine.