Kidney diseases :-

  • Overview
  • Types & Causes
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosis & Tests
  • Treatments
  • Articles

Kidneys or kidneys are an important part of our body because hundreds of functions in the body are through the kidneys to keep us alive. Kidneys are located under our ribs. Kidney work is usually the dirt present in our blood, Excess water and body harmful elements have to be filtered apart. All these harmful elements gather in our bladder and then pass out through the urine. Also kidney sodium in our body, Also balances potassium and pH levels. They form such hormones, Those who control our blood pressure and red blood (Red blood granules) Help in the production of cells. Along with this, kidneys activate vitamin D in our body, So that our bones absorb calcium (Absorbed) Can do.

Kidney diseases

Nowadays the number of kidney patients is increasing rapidly due to incorrect eating. Kidney diseases occur then, When the kidney is damaged or there is trouble in functioning. Diabetes usually, Kidneys are damaged due to high blood pressure or any other prolonged disease. It can also have an effect on other organs of the patient due to kidney disease like nerve damage, Weakness of bones, Malnutrition etc. problems can occur. Kidney diseases if not treated at the right time, So the kidneys get completely damaged and stop working. Dialysis is needed in such a situation.

Acute kidney problems 

Acute kidney problems are sudden problems in the kidney. Like any medicine, Any kidney tissue due to infection or radioactive dye (Tissue). I have a problem, Kidney affect if urination does not come out for some reason. In some people, such a problem is cured after a little drug treatment, At the same time, in some people, this problem takes the form of chronic kidney disease. These problems are not serious in most cases and the kidneys start doing their job properly after treatment.

Chronic kidney disease

The most common kidney disease is chronic kidney disease, Which lasts for a long time and does not heal easily. This disease is usually caused by high blood pressure. Blood presser causes pressure on fine cells filtering the blood present in the kidney, Due to which the kidney has trouble functioning. When one or both kidneys of a person stop working, So he needs dialysis. Apart from this, kidney transplant is also the solution to this problem. Diabetes is also a major cause of chronic kidney disease. Diabetes increases the amount of sugar in the blood. Kidney blood vessels become damaged due to increased blood sugar and the kidneys stop functioning. Kidney failure usually occurs when The amount of toxins in the body becomes very high.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are also a serious and common kidney problem. There are many reasons for this, But not drinking enough water and wrong eating habits and irregular lifestyle are the main reasons. In most cases, the cause of stones is the accumulation of certain types of salts in the kidney. Small section of first stone (Nidus) is made, Around which the salt accumulates. Genetic reasons, Hypertension, obesity, Diabetes and any other intestinal problems can also cause stones.

Polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disease is also a serious kidney problem. A large number of cysts in a kidney or both kidneys in this disease( Bubbles filled with water) Become. These cysts grow over time, Which increases kidney size and causes trouble in working. Many times this disease can also cause high blood pressure. Polycystic kidney disease can also cause chronic kidney failure to the patient. It is a genetic disease, hence mother-in-law. This disease can also occur in the child.

Nephrotic syndrome

Nephrotic syndrome is found more in children than other ages. This syndrome usually causes repeated swelling in the body. Protein in urination in this disease, Blood test reports have reduced protein and increased cholesterol. Blood pressure does not increase in this disease and the chances of kidney failure are very low.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Urinary tract infection or UTI is a problem associated with urinary tube, but it also affects kidneys. This disease causes urethral infection, Due to which irritation or pain problem starts while urinating. Many times urination pus also starts coming. UTI can be very dangerous in children and can completely spoil kidneys at times.

Symptoms of acute kidney disease are :- 

  • Swelling of body parts.
  • Burning and pain while urinating.
  • Abdominal or back pain.
  • Urination intermittently or coming down.
  • Loss of appetite.

Symptoms of chronic kidney disease are :- 

  1. Swelling around the legs, face and eyes [it is more visible in the morning].
  2. Loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, weakness, fatigue and lack of strength in the body.
  3. High rapture or uncontrolled high rapture at an early age.
  4. Less urination than normal.
  5. Swelling of fluid in tissues.
  6. Feeling tired or sleepy..
  7. Loss of appetite, weight loss and trouble sleeping.
  8. Having a headache or having trouble thinking about something.
  9. Pain in the underside of the ribs in the waist.

Symptoms of kidney stones  :-

  • There is severe pain in the back or lower abdomen, which can persist for a few minutes or hours.
  • There may also be complaints of nausea and vomiting along with pain.
  • Fever, shivering, sweating, urination as well as pain etc.
  • Blood coming with urine, pain while urinating.

Symptoms of polycystic kidney disease :-

Polycystic kidney disease usually does not show symptoms until the age of 30 to 40 years. These symptoms may appear after this.

  1. Increased blood pressure.
  2. Pain in the stomach, lump in the stomach or enlargement of the stomach.
  3. Bleeding with urine.
  4. Repeated urinary tract infection (UTI).
  5. Kidney stones, cysts in the kidneys, the brain, liver, etc. can also have cysts like kidney.
  6. Headache problem.

Symptoms of nephrotic syndrome :-

  • Recurrent swelling in the body.
  • Excess of protein with urine.
  • Increased cholesterol.

Symptoms of urinary tract infection are :-

  1. Pain during urination.
  2. Pain or burning sensation in Vagina or Peenus at all times.
  3. Taking longer while passing urin.
  4. More pain during sex. Frequent urination.
  5. Bad urine.
  6. Pain in the lower abdomen. 
  7. Light fever.
  8. Sometimes blood comes with urine.

On the basis of the symptoms, the doctor can identify the common kidney problem and in some severe kidney diseases, the doctor performs several tests based on the symptoms, which can give accurate information about the disease.

Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR)

Through this test, you can find out how much and how your kidney is working. By what stage can different kidney diseases have damaged the kidneys, this investigation can be found out.

Kidney biopsy

In a kidney biopsy test, a small tissue (tissue) piece is extracted from the kidney, and the same tissue test determines the type and stage of the disease. This investigation also shows how bad the kidneys have become.

Urine test

Albumin is tested in urine by a urine test. Albumin is a type of protein that starts passing out of the body due to kidney failure.

Blood creatinine test

Creatinine helps our body's metabolism (the process of converting food into energy). After the process of metabolism, these substances become useless to the body and go out of the way of urination. When the kidneys do not work properly, then this creatine starts dissolving in the patient's blood. In such a situation, kidney disease is detected by examining creatinine in the blood.

Kidney dialysis

Any kidney disease or any disease that can affect the kidneys, if not treated for a long time, it causes serious problems in the body and increases the risk of kidney failure. If both the kidneys of the patient fail, then they cannot live, so dialysis is needed before the kidneys fail completely. If the patient has an acute kidney failure, then the process of dialysis takes place for a short time. This process is usually stopped after the kidneys have healed or a new kidney is established. But if the patient has chronic kidney failure and the kidneys are not in a condition that they can be replaced, then the process of dialysis is prolonged. Dialysis is required if you can take out 15 percent or less. Many times, water starts accumulating in the body due to kidney problem, that is, the fluid needs to be dialyzed even when the fluid starts overloading. Dialysis is also needed when the amount of potassium in the body is increased, because increasing the amount of potassium increases the risk of serious heart diseases. Similarly, dialysis is also needed when the amount of acid in the body increases.

Treatment of uti

Under UTI treatment, you should take the medicine only after contacting specialists. For this, doctors give some antibiotics which are effective in UTI. In many cases they give low dose antibiotics, which last for a long time. Such a medicine is given when a particular woman has frequent UTIs. However, in addition to this, the suffering patient should eat medicine and drink more water as per the regular doctor. Actually, drinking water makes the bacteria more likely to get out. One thing and always keep in mind that after urination clean your genitals thoroughly. Not only this, cleanliness is very important even after making a relationship because in many cases the possibility of having a UTI increases even after forming a relationship. Also keep in mind that always keep your genitals dry. Actually, the possibility of getting bacteria increases due to wetness. Apart from this, keep your bathroom clean, use good products for cleaning the genitals. If you want, you can also consult a doctor in this regard.

Shock wave lithotripsy

Shock wave litetripsy is also a treatment for kidney stones. It is a non-surgical treatment. In this treatment waves are released with pressure on the kidney stones, which breaks the stones and gets out of the way of urine. However, very large stones cannot be treated by this treatment. Typically stones of less than 2 cm in size can be treated with this technique. This treatment is not safe for pregnant women, so they should not get it done. In addition, SWL treatment is not ideal for those who have problems related to bleeding, infection, obesity etc. Therefore, before taking this treatment, please tell your health history to the concerned doctor.

Treatment by surgery

Surgery is generally considered the most appropriate way to exclude kidney stones. In this treatment, any part of the patient's stone is removed by operation.

Kidney Transplant (Kidney Transplant)

When the kidney is completely damaged, there are only two ways to save the patient. A persistent dialysis or kidney transplant. In a kidney transplant, another person's healthy kidney is replaced by the patient's poor kidneys, causing all kidney-related functions to occur in the patient's body and the problem is eliminated. But kidney transplant is an expensive process and finding a donor for a kidney is also very difficult.